Jainism is known as a religion of self-help. They refuse the presence of gods and spiritual energy that will assist human beings. The three top guiding principles based on Jainism which is also known as the 'three jewels', are ‘right belief’, ‘right knowledge’, and ‘right conduct’. The main principle of Jain dharma is non-violence (ahimsa).
Divided into Two Sects
Jains are separated into two main sects who include the Digambara and the Svetambara. The word Digambara means the ‘sky-clad’ sect and the Svetambara is used for the ‘white-clad’ sect.
Jains think that plants, animals, and even human beings have some special living souls. Each of the souls should consider the equal value and must be cured with great compassion and respect.
Jains trust in reincarnation and look to attain vital liberation - which implies escaping the constant cycle of birth, death, and revival so that the eternal soul lives forever in a condition of bliss.
The main principle of Jainism
The main principle of Jain dharma is living non-violence (ahimsa). It is one from the 5 maharajas or the so-called 5 vows. The four mahavratas are non-attachment to possessions, not stealing, not lying, and restriction on sex.
The main Jain festivals added in the Jain calendar are the Mahamastakabhisheka festival and Mahavir Jayanti. They are celebrated by the Jain people with great pleasure and happiness. Mahamastakabhisheka attracts pilgrims from different parts of the country to the old Jain shrines at Girnar and Palitana located in Gujarat.